Other Important Duties of Police
302-1. A list of festivals/jatras where men have to be sent in adequate numbers for bandobust in the District and out of the District shall be kept in Form 48 prepared by the district heads/DCsP with the assistance of SDPOs, Inspectors and SHOs and kept in each station. An extract shall be submitted to the Zonal IG/DIGP/CP and Addl. DGP (L & O), for their records and information
2. The SP/DCP shall
prepare in advance the requirement of men and materials
and make arrangements to meet the needs (Bandobust schemes).
If additional manpower is required from other districts
including Armed Reserve, requisition will be made to
the Zonal IG/DIGP, Addl. DGP (L&O) and DGP well
303. The Village Secretary or the Executive Officer, Gram Panchayat should intimate the date of any festival well in advance to the SHO concerned, who in turn should visit the place and ensure that adequate safety requirements are taken and other arrangements made. In case of non-co-operation from the village officials and others responsible for making safety arrangements, the SHO can even move the executive magistrate and obtain orders u/s 144 Cr.P.C. to stop the festival.
1. At festival centers situated far away from the Police Stations, where people from within or outside the District are likely to gather in large numbers, a temporary police station may be opened, with the general diary, FIR book and other essential records, for the duration of the festival to facilitate the registration and investigation of cases. Cognizable cases reported during the festival will be registered at the temporary police station and investigated.
2. The entire area may be divided into sectors, with a specified number of Police Officers with names and designations allotted to each sector.
3. A reserve force, sufficient to deal with any untoward incident or situation should be stationed.
4. Each policeman drafted for duty should be given a printed or legible memorandum of instructions in Telugu or Urdu specific to the place and as to his duties, apart from general duties to be performed on such occasions.
5. The staff drafted from other stations must be given a personal briefing by the SHO on the eve of commencement of festivals and on every day relating to bandobust.
6. Where the contingent is too large the senior most officers in charge should be of rank of the SIs/CIs/DSPs who in turn should brief officers under their charge. The general duties are as follows:
7. Each policeman attending the festival on duty should be allotted a specific duty to perform. He should read all the written instructions issued to him. The officer in-charge must brief his personnel about their duties from time to time.
8. He shall adhere to that duty during the entire festival. His camp station, section, and hours of duty should be specified in writing on the list of printed instructions given to him in the form given below which he is expected to read:
ANDHRA PRADESH POLICE
9. Proper relief should be given to the men and officers drawn for bandobust. A constable/head constable should not normally be employed for more than six hours at a stretch.
10. An ASI or HC
should be kept in charge of 5 to 10 constables.
13. Rules regarding the regulation of traffic at such places and on such occasions as may be necessary should be published and the duty officers instructed to implement them.
14. In requisitioning the railway police for duty at a railway station in connection with a festival, the number of police officers required for duty at temporary booking office, the accidents that are likely to take place due to rush of passengers into the train, the help to be given to the crippled, women, old, children should be taken into consideration for estimation.
15. Moving around of policemen who are off duty in uniform is strictly forbidden. Police Officers must stay in and have their food at the camp arranged for them.
16. On such occasions
Police Officers except SIs and above shall carry lathies
slung to the shoulder. Walkie talkie sets, as many as
possible, but subject to the need, should also be provided
to the officers and men.
305-1. The Gram Panchayats have been vested with powers under section 46-xvi of the AP Panchayati Raj Act 1994 for the control of fairs, jataras and festivals. Section 83 of the same Act imposes duty on Gram Panchayats inter alia to make arrangements for public health, safety or convenience for fairs and festivals. Section 139 of the Act imposes a duty on Police Officers to assist the officials of the Village Panchayats in the discharge of their lawful duties. The Municipalities and the Corporations have similar functions under the laws applicable to them.
2. The public health officials are responsible to prevent spread of diseases and to make all arrangements for the health and safety of the public. The police have to assist them where their services are needed to guard isolation camps or to help the medical and health department in examining the persons suffering from infectious disease or in inoculating the people against cholera etc.
306-1. In case of emergency where police have to assemble for instructions public address system or wireless sets should be used. Whistle cords also may be used and the assembly must be immediate in such cases.
2. The Zonal IG/DIGP besides SP of the district should be present at specially large festivals spread over long period and specifically on those which have potential for communal trouble. For every festival a contingency plan should be drawn up and kept in concerned police stations, SDPO’s office and DPO. These should be prepared in advance and constantly up-dated.
307-1. Every SHO should maintain a list of car or theppa festivals held within his jurisdiction. The temple authorities should notify and inform to the SHO well in time about their intended use.
2. The SHO should inspect the temple car about its safety 15 days before the festival and report to the SDPO, Executive Magistrate and the local Dy. Executive Engineer, R&B and see through their inspection that the car is made safe for use.
3. The SHO even can obtain orders under section 144 Cr.P.C. to prevent its use, if it is found unsafe and the temple authorities are not co-operating.
308-1. On the out break of fire any police officer in the vicinity whether on or off duty should immediately send information to the nearest fire station by quickest means possible giving his name and designation, indicating the exact locality and the magnitude of the fire. He shall then inform the nearest police station and proceed to the scene of the fire to render assistance.
2. The responsibility of the police to fight fire is only till the arrival of the fire service personnel. The duty of the police thereafter is to assist the fire service personnel, maintain order and remove obstructions to the fire fighting persons from carrying out their job and also to preserve evidence, if possible, which may indicate the cause of fire.
3. On receiving information of fire the senior police officer present in the police station shall take immediate steps to secure the fire service personnel by quickest means possible and in the meanwhile, proceed to scene with his staff preferably beat area staff and secure all available material like water, earth, sand etc. and organise the local volunteers for fire control.
4. He shall also send to the scene all available fire hooks, racks and fire buckets or other fire fighting equipment till the services of fire engine is secured.
5. The senior police officer shall also take immediate steps to rescue persons and property as far as possible safely and securely. He shall also organise quickly with his staff to protect persons and property through safe exits.
6. He should requisition all available medical assistance and ambulance if necessary and remove the injured and seriously burnt to the hospitals.
7. The property in the affected places must be removed to safer places with out allowing chances to pilferage and guarded property.
8. They should also take responsibility to remove the animals from out of the affected places by untying them or cover their eyes with sack or flap, let it out or cut it loose and allow it to escape.
9. They should take steps to cut off all power supply from the building and also announce on public address system to use free escape routes and not to use lifts in case of multistoried buildings. They should also provide nets on the ground to help people from 1st or 2nd floor to jump out.
10. Section 81 of IPC gives protection to police officers causing damage or obstruction in good faith for purpose of fire fighting. They can also break into or pull down or use any house for passage or for extinguishing the fire. They can also remove or order the removal of any persons who by their presence interfere with or impede the operations for extinguishing the fire or for saving life or property and close any street or passage or any main pipe to give greater pressure of water for firefighting.
11. One or two stretchers for carrying sick or injured persons to hospital shall be kept in police station.
309-1. Licence is required for use of any enclosed place for public resort or entertainment in municipal area or major panchayats and when the enclosed area is more than 50 square metre in all other cases. In case of municipal towns the Chairman of the Council and in all other cases a Magistrate is the licence granting authority. So far as Hyderabad is concerned, detailed instructions are contained in Hyderabad City Police Act. The Act applies to areas up to 5 Kilometers beyond the municipal area.
2. Any SHO or an officer of rank of SI and above and having jurisdiction may at any time inspect the licence and see whether the conditions of licence are followed strictly or not. The most important duty of police is to ensure safety, prevent disorder, and prevent any unlawful activity. The licence can be suspended or cancelled in the following cases:
• If the licence
has been fraudulently obtained; or
4. It shall be lawful for any Magistrate or officer in charge of a Police Station or any police officer above the rank of HC to enter at any time any enclosure or building for which licence is granted and inspect the licence and the premises to see whether the conditions of licence are properly observed.
5. If the licence is obtained by fraud, misrepresentation or if illegal activities are taking place in the area or if the use of such building is not safe to continue the place as place of entertainment, prosecution can be launched besides recommending for the revocation of licence.
6. In places of
entertainment where public are admitted (whether for
fees or free) including cinema halls and theaters etc,
smoking and drinking is prohibited in the auditorium,30
minutes before the commencement of the show and till
the end of the show. Anybody contravening the provisions
shall be liable to be removed from the places by any
police officer besides being liable for prosecution.
310-1. Destitute persons found dying of disease or starvation in towns must be taken to the nearest hospital or dispensary. If refused admission the orders of the Magistrate concerned should be obtained. A list of voluntary Agencies should be maintained in every PS with their telephone numbers, addresses etc. and their main mission. Their help should be requested to handle such situations.
2. Destitute sick foreigners having no friends at hand should be taken charge of and taken to a Government hospital whenever possible.
3. The Government have laid down that it is the duty of the Village Secretary to take care of sick and destitute travellers and they are prohibited from passing on from village to village. The cost of their maintenance will be borne by the Government as also the expense of sending them to a hospital when necessary.
311-1. As per law, dead body is not a property. But the law recognises for the right for possession of the body till it is disposed off. In the case of a destitute corpse, when no one is likely to claim the rights to possession of the dead body, the local body (Panchayat or Municipality) has to step in for the disposal of the dead body in the interest of public health. If a person is found to have died under suspicious circumstances the police have a right and duty to send the corpse for postmortem examination and then issue directions for its burial or cremation.
2. In cases of death of destitutes under suspicious circumstances, the responsibility of removing dead bodies from the places where they are found to the place of post mortem will rest on the police. They will bear the necessary charges. In other cases, the responsibility of removing and arranging for the cremation or burial of dead bodies rests with the local body, the village officers or the railway police authorities, as the case may be, and the charges are debitable to the appropriate funds as laid down in the Financial Code Vol. II.
3. If a dead body is not claimed by relatives or friends the police will arrange for its burial or cremation after post mortem examination by local authority.
4. The charges relating to the removal of dead body of destitutes from post mortem shed and arranging for their burial or cremation should be met by the local authority of the area, that is, Zilla Praja Parishad, Mandal Praja Parishad, Municipality or Panchayat, as the case may be, in whose limits postmortem is conducted.
312-1. Under section 23(1) of the Mental Health Act, 1987, every officer in charge of a Police Station may take or cause to be taken into protection any person found loitering at large within his jurisdiction whom he has reason to believe to be so mentally ill that he/she is incapable of taking care of himself/herself or to be dangerous to others by reason of such mental illness. Every person so taken into protection shall be produced before the nearest Magistrate in 24 hours. The Police must inform the mentally ill person of the reasons for taking him to protection, and if he is not capable of understanding it by himself of the reasons, his relatives or friends should be informed.
2. Section 25 of the Mental Health Act 1987 lays down that it is the duty of every officer in-charge of a police station immediately to report to a first class Magistrate about any mentally ill person who is uncared for or cruelly treated or neglected by any relative or other person having the care of such person within the limits of his station.
3. When a person is taken into protection as a mentally ill person and is being taken to the Magistrate, he may be confined in police lock-ups or sub-jails, if no other place of safe custody is available but not mixed with any other prisoners. After his production the Magistrate may after such Medical examination and other enquiries commit him to a Psychiatric Hospital or Nursing Home by passing a reception order or in care of relatives as he considers proper.
4. Mentally ill persons who have criminal tendencies should be confined in subjails or district jails according to the stage of the inquiry.
5-A. When a mentally ill person is sent to a Psychiatric hospital or a Nursing Home the Magistrate or Police Officer who dispatches the person is responsible to see that the escort is provided with sufficient means to provide such articles as milk, coffee, biscuits or any suitable cooked food for the use of the person during his journey to the hospital. In case the person refuses food or becomes sick, he should be taken to the nearest hospital. A relative or female attendant, in addition to the usual police escort, should accompany every female mentally ill person.
6. When required by a Magistrate, the police shall obtain and furnish the information necessary to incorporate in the mentally ill person’s medical history sheet. The police should furnish the medical officer, to whom the said person is sent for observation, with all available details as to his previous history and the alleged causes of his mental illness.
7. Every Police Officer may recapture any mentally ill person who escapes from a Psychiatric hospital, provided that in the case of mentally ill person not being a criminal, the power to recapture shall be exercisable only for a period of one month from the date of escape.
8. The police shall produce a mental patient who is temporarily discharged, whenever he is required by the Superintendent of Psychiatric Hospital or on the date of the termination of the period of temporary discharge.
313. Section 7 makes certain contraventions of the Cinematograph Act 1952 punishable. These are non-cognizable offences and should therefore be taken up only on orders of Magistrate. Section 7-A empowers police on orders of District Magistrate/Commissioner of Police or any other Magistrate empowered by the District Magistrate to enter, search and seize any film, which is being exhibited in contravention of the provisions of the Act. Section 9 of AP Cinemas Regulation Act 1955 makes contravention of the Act or rules made there under punishable with fine up to Rs.10,000/- and for continuing offence Rs.200/- per day. Section 9-A makes black marketing in cinema tickets, punishable with three months simple imprisonment or fine. The offence is cognizable. The police should perform the duties connected with this Act and Rules as a part of Law and Order duties. The main duties are to prevent violent incidents near cinemas, deal effectively with black marketing and while recommending for licences to ensure proper arrangements for parking, in lets and out lets, fire precautions and also to see that the management makes arrangements for traffic regulation in and immediately outside the theatre by employing their own staff. Suitable conditions in the licences should be recommended to be incorporated.
314-1. The main offence so far as police are concerned under this Act is theft of electricity. Tampering with meters or drawing current mainly does it from poles unauthorisedly. This offence is punishable under section 39 of the Act. Abettors are equally liable. This offence is cognizable and all other offences under this Act are non cognizable.
2. The SHO has to
register these offences under section 379 IPC read with
section 39 of the Indian Electricity Act. The electricity
becomes movable property only when it is referred to
u/s 39 of this Act. But the reports to the police are
restricted under this Act only to be made by the official
of the A.P. TRANSCO/Power Distribution Companies/Electrical
Inspector or any aggrieved person.
4. The A.P.TRANSCO/Power Distribution Company has vigilance wing with police officers working on deputation who have got the responsibility of handling cases of theft and tampering of the meters. However in future when power distribution is privatized, local police will deal the cases of power theft as per law.
315. As per A.P. Animals and Birds Sacrifices Prohibition Act 1950 no person shall sacrifice any animal or bird in any place of public religious worship or its precincts or in any procession connected with any religious worship in any public place. No person shall officiate or perform or serve any sacrifice in any place of public religious worship. These offences are cognizable and triable by first class Magistrates.
316. Protection of Environment has become a vital issue requiring effective intervention. Several laws have been passed to prevent pollution and preserve ecological balance to eliminate serious hazard to human life, conservation of resources. Some of the important Acts are -
(Protection Act) 1986
All the above Acts are intended to prevent pollution and protect environment and are connected with the health and safety of the public at present and future. The offences under the Environment (Protection Act) 1986 are cognizable and the punishment may extend for a term up to 5 years. The main responsibility however, for enforcing the legislation is with the Pollution Control Board constituted for the purpose and no cognizance can be taken unless the Board makes the complaint or by an Officer authorised by the Board. The offences relating to environment are contained in chapter 14 of IPC and M.V. Act. The police can file cases under these Acts only. The Pollution Control Board authorities or the courts or the Government may require the police, particularly when the extent of pollution is such as would endanger or have endangered the health and lives of people. The assistance of police would be required in the matter of shifting people when there is a leakage of noxious or dangerous gases or preventing people from going to polluted area or drinking contaminated water etc. Prompt action has to be taken when such situations arises.
317. The Forest Conservation Act 1980, the Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972 are intended to protect flora and fauna. The assistance of the police for the Forest officials who are charged with the responsibility of protection as mentioned would be in the nature of personal protection and for arrest of offenders etc. Section 66 of the Indian Forest Act, 1937 lays down that any Police Officer shall prevent and may interfere for the prevention of any offence under the Forests Act Section 64 of the Act empowers the police to arrest any person without a warrant against whom a reasonable suspicion exists of his having been concerned in any Forest offence. The Forest Department is mainly responsible for enforcement of this Act. The Police need to be prompt and alert in extending support to the forest officials. They should however take action as empowered by law whenever violations come to their notice in the course of their duty or in the course of investigation of other offences and not go for enforcement of the Forest Act. The role of police is only supportive.
318-1. Under section 3 of the Act, all ancient and historical monuments and all archaeological sites and remains which have been declared under the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological sites and Remains (Declaration of National Importance) Act 1951 or under section 126 of the State Re-organisation Act 1956 to be of National Importance are deemed to be ancient and historical monuments, archaeological sites and remains declared to be of national importance. Besides those mentioned in section 3, the Central Government may also by notification declare any thing as belonging to the above category. The concerned authorities are responsible for the protection of such sites and monuments as well as the antiquities and art treasures. Police assistance may be requisitioned for the protection of these monuments or areas either from the destruction, encroachment or theft or other damage to such places. The police should extend necessary help and assistance whenever they are asked to and should keep an eye on those who are likely to damage such monuments and commit thefts of art treasures.
2. As per sub section
1 of section 30, item I and III of the Act, whoever
destroys, removes, injures, alters, defaces, imperils
or misuses a protected monument and who ever removes
from a protected monument any sculpture, carving, image,
base-relics, inscription or other like subjects comments
a cognizable offences.
Treasure is defined under this Act as any thing of any
value hidden in the soil or any thing affixed there
to be of a value exceeding Rs.10/- or of any value if
it is of historical or archaeological interest having
been in existence for not less than 100 years, hidden
or embedded in the soil or any thing affixed there to
and includes uncut diamonds or other valuable minerals
formed on the surface of the soil.
3. If the finder or the protector of any treasure fails to make deposit or alters or attempts to alter such treasure so as to conceal its identity he is liable for punishment with imprisonment which may extend to one year or fine or both. Abetment is also punishable under this Act. The offences are cognizable.
2. In order to stop such practices, the police officers can obtain orders under 144 Cr.P.C. from an executive magistrate.
321-1. Sometimes the orders of the civil court are to be carried out such as injunction order etc. through the court officials, like process server or Amin etc. In such cases there is likelihood of resistance by the aggrieved party thereby causing breach of peace. In such cases, the duty of police is to assist those officials in carrying out their jobs smoothly. Normally in such cases armed Constables should not be detailed. But if the situation is such as to necessitate the deputation of armed Constables the prior approval of the Sub-Divisional Officer should be taken and the SHO should himself be in-charge of the arrangements. Intimation of any apprehension of breach of peace should be sent by the quickest means possible to the SDPO and the Superintendent of Police. Where serious breach of peace is anticipated the SDPO should proceed to the locality and take necessary measures to prevent any such breach of peace.
2. The assistance of police can be rendered to the civil court officials only at their request. The job of the police in such cases is to facilitate the civil court officials to execute their work smoothly and legitimately. The police, to ensure this, are expected to peruse the warrant of the court as earned by the civil court officials. The main purpose of police assistance is to prevent breach of peace as well as prevention of any offence being committed there. The responsibility of carrying out their job is that of civil court officials.
3. The above instructions apply mutatis mutandis to the deputation of police parties to assist Excise staff, Drug Inspectors, officials of the Revenue and Commercial Tax Departments and other such officials of the State and Central Governments and local bodies.
322-1. Many persons
approach the police for protection on account of threats
to their safety due to disputes relating to property.
Several complaints are also presented in writing. A
good number of complaints pertain to forcible dispossession
or possession of properties by use of violence or by
hired goondas, or relate to matters involving religious
ramifications leading to communal disturbances or where
habitual land grabbers or criminal syndicates are involved
etc. There are also cases wherein a group of people,
when they face an immediate threat, approach the police
for relief. While the police should not interfere into
the disputes, which are purely of civil nature, they
cannot shirk their responsibility of protecting persons
against injury or trespass particularly when the people
complained against are powerful or hired goondas. The
following instructions are therefore issued for the
guidance of the police officers.
323-1. Cyclones: The Coastal belt of the State with its 1030 Kms. coast line is prone to cyclones and tidal waves between October, November and April, May each year. In spite of advanced technologies in meteorological forecast the damage cannot be prevented in toto but it can be minimized. In cases of damages by cyclone and tidal waves the government takes every effort by constituting committees for disaster management and relief operations. Police should play a greater role in combating the situation for which they need a thorough preparation. It is their major responsibility for prevention of heavy damage and to rescue affected person’s, their livestock and properties. A well-planned training is desirable for police personnel to face such situation.
2. Stages of warning and their importance: There are two stages of warnings. The first warning is issued as soon as cyclonic storm is located at such a distance from the coast that it is expected to cause bad weather over the coast during the next 48 hours. The second stage warning and subsequent warnings are given by telegrams, which run as “cyclonic warning”. From second stage onwards the expressions “cyclone”, “severe cyclone” and “hurricane” will be used to indicate the 3 stages of the growth of the storm.
3. Though no hard and fast rule as to the police arrangement can be laid down, the important duties of the police on such occasions are:
4. The Floods caused by heavy rains and tidal waves are reasonably foreseeable. Floods generally occur during monsoons and result in inundation of low lying areas, breaching of tank bunds etc. Schemes providing for evacuation of people and cattle from the threatened areas etc. should be drawn for each panchayat or locality and popularised among the people. Out post should be opened wherever necessary. Prevention of thefts by unscrupulous elements is an important duty. The SP should proceed to the scenes and mobilise the necessary force to meet the situations. He should be in touch with the DGP, Collector, Addl. DGP (L & O) and Zonal IG/DIGP. He may requisition the help of Army through the District Collector as per the need. The SDPO of the area should be in general control of the situation under the supervision of the SP.
5. The duty of Police in the event of earthquake is to take measures for rescue, relief and rehabilitation in the same manner as is done in other natural calamities when they occur. The instructions relating to the duties of the police mentioned in sub-order 3 above apply in case of the damage caused by earthquakes. The other important aspect is rushing of help to the affected places. The District Collector and the Superintendent of Police should rush help to the affected areas in their neighbouring districts even without waiting for instructions from the headquarters and take all such measures as the Collector and Superintendent of Police of the affected district would require for all rescue and relief operations. In such situations every effort must be made to boost the morale of the affected people, as their morale will be in a shattered state at that moment.
324-1. VIPs or VVIPs mean very important persons or very very important persons. They are Ministers of Government of India, Government of AP or other States and other dignitaries from other countries. The VVIP is a term generally referred to the PM or President. There are other dignitaries who do not hold any official position but held positions are leaders with large following from the public. There are other public functionaries who do not hold any political positions but are considered important. These persons face varying degrees of threat by virtue of their views, positions and postings. The duty to provide security to these VIPs/VVIPs is entirely on the police and its specialized wings.
2. Gathering information, intelligence, acting on it rests with the local Police and Intelligence Branch, while proximate security rests with the specialized groups detailed for the purpose.
3. Accurate intelligence
is an important input in this respect. Most assassinations
are due to lack of accurate and specific information.
326-1. The responsibility of the safety of VIPs rests entirely on the local Police within whose jurisdiction, the VIP happens to be present. It is important to note that the rules laid down for the protection of the VIPs are guidelines that are intended to be applied to each case, occasion, place and the circumstances based on the threat perception for each VIP. The threat perception should be assessed individually. Senior officers should do this assessment at district level and the arrangements made for the security of the person accordingly. The local officers should also pass on the information to SP Intelligence/Security. Local authorities are responsible to take additional precautions, if the circumstances so demand or if there is any information specifically posing a threat to a VIP’s security in the area. These instructions on VIP security should be imparted to the officers and men by way of lectures, by practice on parade ground and by exposing the police officers to the arrangements made at the time of the visits of the VIPs. The scale of arrangements cannot be mechanical but only by assessment, in each individual case.
2. The tasks of the police force employed on such occasion are to ensure:
A. the personal
safety of the VIP;
C. that the public assembled on such occasions have the full opportunity to see and hear the VIP without inconvenience or obstruction; and
D. that the normal tranquility and Law and Order of the place is fully preserved.
3. The security must be given with out causing much inconvenience to public like stopping of traffic for longer period. Over enthusiasm for providing more than the necessary security may lead to avoidable inconvenience and criticism. Hence a balance approach without compromise on security should be taken.
2. The persons requiring security depending on threat perception, the scale and nature of standing security arrangements to be made are intimated by intelligence branch. The instructions regarding security at residence or while on tour are also given in detail by the Intelligence and Security Wing. The security men posted on such specific duties should perform those duties in the manner instructed. The Addl. DGP Intelligence in coordination with IGP Training will organise short-term courses to keep the security personnel properly oriented and trained. The duties of guards and escorts meant for VIP security are given in the Chapter on Guards and Escorts which should be a part of training both at induction level and in-service.
3. A small number of uniformed Police should be present at the gate and near the place of the function to check invitations and to prevent people from gate-crashing. Plain clothes men should be posted at suitable places around the perimeter of the place to prevent surreptitious entry of intruders.
A. Journey by air: Ordinarily no escorts or safety precautions are needed while the VIP travels by air. However, arrangements should be made for appropriate security and regulatory measures at the airports of departure and arrival.
B. Journey by train: If the VIP travels by a special train, a thorough search wherever it is warranted or specifically instructed, of the train should be made by the Police at the starting station, and a guard will be mounted after search. If a special coach is attached to an ordinary train similar precautions should be taken to search and guard the coach. The staff deputed on this duty should be well conversant with their duties. Arrangements for the guarding of bridges, culverts and railway track should also be made wherever indicated.
C. Travel by Road: The rules laid down for journeys in urban and rural areas should be generally adhered to. Discretion should be used, however, in special circumstances such as dusty long stretches of roads in rural areas or stretches of winding roads with numerous crossroads in urban areas. The guarding of culverts, bridges or anti-sabotage check of roads in terrorist affected areas may also be necessary.
A. Regulation of Crowds: Excessive or unnecessary display of uniformed men should be avoided, as the object of arrangements is security. The police role is limited to liaison for the purpose of security and prevent stampede or harm to the VIP. It is essential that the time of the VIP’s journey is made known to the policemen on duty, to make them aware as to the need for their greatest attention on security well before the actual arrival and at the time of passing through of the VIP. Whenever there is any unscheduled short halt, those on duty should keep an unobtrusive watch to prevent any disorder or attack.
B. Only officers of and above the rank of Inspector should salute the VIP. Others should stand to attention if their duty permits.
C. It is necessary that the police officers posted in the rural areas are adequately trained and briefed. It is emphasized that there should be no regular route lining by the police in the rural areas.
areas: The traffic points should be manned
by traffic police, helped at very heavy cross-roads
with one or two officers of the Civil Police. Traffic
should not be stopped but regulated and whenever stoppage
is absolutely necessary it should be of very short duration.
It generally happens that after the motorcade of the
VIP has passed, the traffic arrangements are relaxed
or almost given up. This causes great hardship and inconvenience
to other vehicular traffic. Officers should be trained
to realize this aspect and should continue to control
the traffic as efficiently as possible till the congestion
is minimized and the normal traffic conditions are restored.
C. Arrangements at Public meetings: It is very important that the officers and men posted for duties at public meetings know thoroughly the exact duties which they have to perform. The meetings should be arranged according to the prescribed plan. It should be ensured that the organisers provide a good public address system, besides good lighting arrangements at night and alternative source of power, in case of failure of lighting and loudspeaker system.
7. Security, traffic and crowd regulation measures are to be taken at the place of public meeting, bearing in mind the following points:
arrangements for VIPs
8. Comprehensive instructions have been issued by the Government of India, the Director, Intelligence Bureau, the State Government and the Director General in the matter of protection to be afforded to VIPs and VVIPs during their journey through and stay in this State. These instructions are contained in the several booklets issued from time to time. All officers whose duty is to arrange and supervise bandobust for VIPs should make themselves fully conversant with these instructions. When necessary, the DGP or Addl. DGP L&O may call for schemes of bandobust for the protection of particular VIP and approve them. In all cases of doubt, officers should seek orders from the Addl. DGP Intelligence and Security.
328-1. When a Cabinet Minister, Minister of State of the Government of India or the Chief Minister of another State arrives in Hyderabad City, the Collector Hyderabad District and the Commissioner of Police or the Gazetted Assistants deputed on their behalf will meet the Minister on arrival and see him off at the Airport or at the Railway Station, as the case may be. The Gazetted subordinate officer to the Collector and the Deputy or Assistant Commissioner of Police will meet the Chief Minister of another State on arrival at the State Headquarters and see him off at the Airport or Railway Station, as the case may be.
2. When a Cabinet Minister, Minister of the State of the Government of India, visits the Headquarters of a District or any other place in that District, the Collector and the Superintendent of Police or a Senior Revenue and Senior Police Officer present at the Station will meet the Minister on arrival and see him off at the time of departure. If the District Officers are on camp they need not return from camp for this purpose, but it will be sufficient if the Officers on their behalf receive and see them off. Except on ceremonial occasions only minimum arrangements should be made for the reception etc. of the Union Minister’s visit to the State and it is not necessary for too many officials or others to be present on such occasions. When a Union Minister visits any place in the District to attend a State function as a representative of the Union Government the Collector and the Superintendent of Police of the District will receive him at the station at the time of arrival and also see him off at the time of departure.
3. When the Chief Minister of another State visits the District, the Collector/Joint Collector and the SP/Addl. SP may receive and see him off. If on tour, Courtesies are not necessary when he merely passes through the district. In the case of the Chief Ministers of other States also, the District Officers need not break camp. It will be sufficient if the Gazetted Officers on their behalf receive and see them off.
4. Officials need not meet the Ministers of other States visiting or passing through the State.
5. When a Minister, Minister of State or Deputy Minister of the Union Government or a Minister of another State arrives in Hyderabad, either the Collector of Hyderabad or the Commissioner of Police or the officer deputed on their behalf will meet him at the station/Airport on arrival. The other courtesies to be extended to them are:
6. Arrangements for Deputy Ministers need not be so elaborate as in the case of Ministers of Cabinet Rank and Ministers of State. For instance, while the District Officers should receive the Deputy Minister on arrival and also see him off if they (the District Officers) are at Headquarters or very near, they need not, if on tour, break camp specially to do so. The senior-most Gazetted Revenue and Police Officers available at the place should receive and see them off.
7. It is not necessary for the State Government to make arrangements to receive or see off any Minister of the Government of India if he arrives or departs by air or by train or by car after 9 p.m. and before 6 a.m. It is also not necessary for any civilian Officer of the State Government to meet a Minister of the Government of India, as a matter of courtesy, if the latter is in transit whether by day or by night. If, however, a Minister wishes to be met by an Officer of the State Government when he travels by the night air service or in transit or desires any facilities to be provided, such as transport arrangements will be made accordingly if it is specifically indicated in the tour programme. However, the Police Officers concerned should remain present during the arrival and departure of Ministers at all times for security purposes.
8-A. When a Minister of the State visits a district for the first time, the Collector and the Superintendent of Police should call on him even by breaking camp if necessary. However, if there are adequate reasons not to personally receive the Minister they should at the earliest opportunity explain the position to the Minister and ensure that adequate arrangements are made for his reception by deputing other senior officials having jurisdiction. During subsequent visits of the same Minister to District Headquarters, the Collector and the Superintendent of Police should also call on him if they happen to be in the station but need not break camp. They should ensure that responsible senior officials are deputed for the reception of the Minister and the usual courtesies and facilities are extended.
9. Guard of honour should not be provided except when the Governor is present on a public visit or for a ceremonial occasion, or when a Minister visits a place to attend a State function as a representative of the whole Government and, therefore, of the Governor himself. In such cases special arrangements should be made and personally supervised by the Superintendent of Police or the Sub-Divisional Police Officer.
10. Gazetted Officers need not alter their tour programme or return to headquarters to receive a Minister, unless the Minister has expressed his desire to meet them for public or official reasons. In that case, they should be present to receive the Minister on arrival keeping SP informed.
11. Gazetted Officers
need not necessarily be present at the railway station
to receive a Minister, except under the conditions (F)
and (G) above.
329-1. Chapter V and other relevant extracts from the booklet “Organisation and Procedure for Search and rescue of Aircraft in Distress” circulated by the Government of India, are reproduced in Annexure 16 for the information and guidance of all concerned. All Police officers should be familiar with them.
2. Dropping of articles and descents by Parachutes:- No person shall drop or project or cause or permit to be dropped or projected from an aircraft in motion anything except ballast in the form of fine sand or water, provided that nothing in this rule shall be construed as preventing the dropping of separate sheets of paper containing printed matter in any place if the written permission of the District Magistrate, or the Commissioner of Police is first obtained in each case.
330-1. On the occurrence of an aircraft accident, the Village Secretary, or Panchayat Executive Officer of the village in which the aircraft lands should at once report the matter to the nearest (i) Magistrate and (ii) Police Station or outpost. If any person is injured as a result of the accident, the Village Secretary, and the Panchayat staff should also report the matter to the nearest medical Officer. The report of the Village Secretary or Panchayat Executive Officer should include as much of the information as available on the points mentioned below:
2. If the report of the Village Secretary / Panchayat Executive Officer discloses that the persons connected with the aircraft have been killed or injured and are incapable of sending a report themselves on the accident, the police officer or the magistrate who comes first in possession of the information should immediately send a message to the Director-General of Civil Aviation, New Delhi, by the quickest available means with a copy to the Officer in-charge of the Area Inspection Office. The message should be based on the report of the Village Secretary or Panchayat Executive Officer including all available information on the points referred to in suborder (1) above. The Police Officer shall thereafter immediately proceed to the scene of the accident.
3. Where an accident occurs, in which any person suffers death or serious injury as a result of being in the aircraft or by coming direct contact with the aircraft or anything attached thereto, or the aircraft receives substantial damage, the person in command of the aircraft or, if he be killed or incapacitated, the owner, the operator the hirer or other person on whose behalf he was in command of the aircraft, as the case may be shall send a notice thereof to the Director General, and give information to the District Magistrate and the Officer in-charge of the nearest Police Station. The notice and information shall be sent as soon as possible and by the quickest means available and in any case within 24 hours after the occurrence of the accident.
4. If information, oral or written, about the accident is received otherwise than on the report of a Village Secretary, Panchayat Executive Officer, the Police Officer or the Executive Magistrate first in possession of the information should at once proceed to the scene of the accident and send, if possible in coordination with the Officer in-charge of the station and the local Aircraft Control, the message referred to in sub-order (2) above giving all available information on the points referred to in sub-order (1) above to the Director-General of Civil Aviation, New Delhi, by the quickest available means with a copy to the Officer in-charge of the Area Inspection Office.
5. The Village Secretary or Panchayat Executive Officer will also take steps to guard the wreckage and the surrounding ground, etc., as detailed in Section II of the “Notes for the guidance of local authorities in the investigation of accidents to air craft” given as Annexure 16. The arrangements for safe-guarding evidence normally include:
6. It has to be noted that the Indian Aircraft Act, 1954, or the rules made thereunder do not lay down the duties and responsibilities of Police Officers. The Director-General of Civil Aviation, New Delhi, considers that the administrative requirements of his department will be satisfied if the police take the following action when they become aware of an accident occurring in their jurisdiction.
7. For offences
under the Indian Aircraft Rules, prosecutions are normally
launched with the approval of, and under instructions
from the Government of India. The Police in the normal
course of their duty may deal with other offences. If
necessary, the Civil Aviation Department will assist
the police in the analysis of evidence, and, in due
course, release to them the findings of their investigation.
9. Generally, it is the local police authorities who
first receive information of such occurrence. They should,
therefore be aware of the action required to be taken
in order to achieve the above mentioned objectives.
They should use the communication facilities available
with other Government agencies such as Railways and
Telecommunications. Action required to be taken by various
Police Authorities in this respect is given in the succeeding
Details of Aircraft Accident Message
Whenever a road accident occurs, involving motor vehicles
whether causing death or injury to any person(s), or
not the duties of the police are detailed below:
2. In cases of
accidents due to train collision at manned or unmanned
level crossings, the casualties are likely to be high.
Immediate action for conduct of inquests and postmortem
examination should therefore be taken. While in general
it is necessary to conduct inquests for all the dead
bodies, by utilising as many officers of the rank of
HC or above as possible; the postmortem may be done
only if necessary. As the cause of death is apparent,
a certificate from the Medical Officer is adequate.
The Railway Police should be informed promptly and clearance
for restoration of rail and road traffic should be done
with least possible delay.
6-A. Boat accidents are caused either due to over crowding or defect in the boats, either mechanical or otherwise. The PWD authorities are responsible for mechanical soundness and village Panchayats for regulation. Many of these accidents take place during festival seasons or floods. The duties of police are both preventive and punitive. When there is likelihood of over crowding, a police officer should be posted.
B. When a boat tragedy occurs the police officer should rush to the spot and make arrangements to rescue and trace the persons. If necessary, swimmers, divers and other boats should be engaged. Witnesses must be secured and examined during investigation. Injured should be sent to hospital.
332-1. In the case of military deserter/absentee, military units will send express letters to (I) Local police, (ii) Railway police, (iii) The Superintendent of Police of the district to which the deserter belongs, (iv) The Dy. Commissioner/Collector of the district, (v) The Addl. Director General of Police, CID of the State where desertion takes place as well as deserter belongs to.
333-1. If a requisition is made by Defence Authorities, that troops on the march require police officer to act as local guides, a Sub-Inspector and adequate number of HCs and PCs may be provided accompany them.
Soldiers Shooting practice - guidelines
The Police and Revenue authorities with the help of village administrative and police officials, Panchayats and other local bodies, and voluntary bodies should give wide publicity to the areas where the Army Units have their target practice. The target practice is a part of the training of the Army. The Civil authorities are bound to provide all assistance, protection and keep the locality people fully informed to keep away from the areas marked for field firing or target practice. They should effectively intervene in all disputes or affrays between soldiers and villagers and settle all problems that arise from time to time. The local people should be prevented from taking law into their hands and attacking soldiers. The Army authorities are required to give information about any of these fields firing or target practice exercises to the local police. The SHO of Police with the help of MRO concerned is responsible for rendering all assistance to Army authorities in this regard.
334-1. Free and fair conduct of elections is hallmark off a vibrant and healthy democracy. Electoral process constitutes the central pillar for any democracy and it is the mechanism through which it forms representative Government. If elections are not conducted in a fair and impartial manner, it may lead to very serious break down of peace and public order. The police have to therefore play a very important role of maintaining law and order effectively with a view to create atmosphere conducive for the conduct of elections in a peaceful, free and fair manner. The police organization is bound by the onerous duty of ensuring that the biased power and social structures aggravated by muscle and money power do not create imperfections in the conduct of elections. A favourable atmosphere has to be created wherein the common man feels confident that he can exercise his franchise without any fear. It should also be realized that a fair and impartial conduct of elections will result in an appreciation of the role of the police organization and a better public image of the organization.
2. To achieve this objective the police officers have a bounden duty to organize elaborate bandobust arrangement, for smooth conduct of entire election process besides collecting intelligence regarding the forces which are likely to interrupt election process or create law and order problems, the areas and troublesome places which are prone for faction or extremist or electoral violence like rigging, booth capturing, impersonation, etc., and take such preventive measures which are necessary and sufficient for conducting elections in a free, fair and peaceful atmosphere.
3. As per section 28-A of Representation of Peoples Act 1951, the returning officer, assistant returning officer, presiding officer, polling officer and any other officer appointed under this part, and any police officer designated for the time being by the State Government, for the conduct of any election shall be deemed to be on deputation to the Election Commission for the period commencing on and from the date of the notification calling for such election and ending with the date of declaration of the results of such election and accordingly, such officers shall, during the period, be subject to the control, superintendence and discipline of the Election Commission of India.
The Main Duties of Police during Elections are:
4-A. Maintenance of Law and Order, before, during and after the Election.
5. The pre-poll period commences the moment election schedule is announced by Election commission and ends on the day prior to polling day. During this period police has to play very important roll in maintaining law and order, curbing the activities of anti social elements, regulating the conduct of procession and public meetings and building up the confidence of the common men in the electoral process. Police has to ensure that electioneering is done in a peaceful and lawful manner and that the incidents of violence and unlawful acts are prevented. The following are some measures which police should undertake.
6. The polling day duties of police mainly aim at for smooth and orderly conduct of polling process. For this order should be maintained and queues regulated at the polling booth, ballot boxes and ballot papers should be guarded and protected and at the end of poll, ballot boxes and remaining ballot papers escorted back to collection/counting center where it is kept under guard of Central Para Military Force (CPMF). Senior Police Officer should be posted as in charge for overseeing the police bandobust in different sectors of a constituency. To achieve this objective following steps need be taken by police.
7-A. Police has to provide bandobust at the collection center and counting center during counting. Usually the guard for guarding the ballot boxes is from CPMF. However local police should assist CPMF by providing them necessary local assistance. Proper escort should be arranged while transporting ballot boxes from collection center to counting center at the time of counting of votes. Since temper usually runs high at the time of counting and declaration of result, strong bandobust under the charge of senior police officer with striking reserve should be provided at the counting center. The permission for victory procession if any should be granted or recommended only, when the situation has come to normal so that no untoward incidents take place. Nevertheless the procession should be regulated with adequate police force under the charge of local senior police officer.
B. The police should complete the investigation of all election related cases expeditiously and file the police report in the concerned jurisdiction court immediately after the election process is over.
C. The SsP/CsP shall ensure that all the forces drawn from outside for election bandobust are sent back to the respective units immediately after the elections are over as these forces may be required for bandobust elsewhere. Usually Addl will give the movement order for such forces. DGP Law and Order on behalf of DGP, which should be strictly followed.
Do’s and Don’ts as per MODEL CODE OF CONDUCT issued by the Election Commission of India for the guidance of the candidates and political parties to be observed from the announcement of an election and until the completion of the process of election:
9-A. Please do not
make use of official vehicles or personnel or machinery
for electioneering work. Official ‘Vehicles’
include (a) Trucks, (b) Lorries, (c) Tempos, (d) Jeeps,
(e) Cars, (f) Auto Rickshaws, (g) Buses, (h) Aircrafts,
(i) Helicopters, (j) Ships, (k) Boats, (l) Hovercrafts
and all vehicles, belonging to the (1) Central Government
(2) State Government (3) Public undertakings of the
Central and State Government, (4) Joint Sector undertakings
of Central Government and State Government (5) Local
bodies, (6) Municipal Corporations (7) Municipalities,
(8) Marketing boards, (by whatever name known) (9) Co-operative
societies, (10) Autonomous District Councils or (11)
any other body in which public funds, howsoever small
a portion of the total are invested and also (12) those
belonging to the Ministry of Defence and the Central
Police Organization under the Ministry of Home affairs
and State Governments.
Note: For details and clarification the model code of conduct and the other guide lines issued by Election Commission of India from time to time should be referred.
10. Sections 171 to 171-I of the Chapter 9-A of Indian Penal Code prescribe offences relating to elections and punishment thereof. In addition, the representation of the Peoples Act, 1950 amended from time to time also defines electoral offences and punishment for committing these offences. Important sections providing punishments for the electoral offences under this Act are:-
Note: For details the Act should be referred.